Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome I. What every physician needs to know. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome ARDS also known as, adult respiratory distress syndrome previously non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema is a syndrome of acute respiratory failure characterized by bilateral diffuse alveolar infiltrates on chest radiography and resulting hypoxemia. ARDS begins with an injury that results in an inflammatory cascade with resulting vascular permeability and pulmonary edema.
Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS): the basics.
ARDS - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Adult respiratory distress syndrome ARDS: Lechin AE 1 , Varon J. The term adult respiratory distress syndrome ARDS was first introduced by Ashbaugh and Petty more than two decades ago. Since then, our understanding of this clinicopathologic entity has increased significantly. However, little therapeutic progress has been achieved, and the mortality remains high. ARDS is characterized by diffuse pulmonary microvascular injury resulting in increased permeability and, thus, noncardiogenic pulmonary edema.
A full assessment is needed to identify the underlying cause and rule out other conditions. The assessment is likely to include: This involves breathing through a mask attached to the machine.
Print Overview Acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS occurs when fluid builds up in the tiny, elastic air sacs alveoli in your lungs. The fluid keeps your lungs from filling with enough air, which means less oxygen reaches your bloodstream. This deprives your organs of the oxygen they need to function. ARDS typically occurs in people who are already critically ill or who have significant injuries. Severe shortness of breath — the main symptom of ARDS — usually develops within a few hours to a few days after the precipitating injury or infection.
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