Topic Overview What is an anal fissure? An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the lower rectum anal canal that causes pain during bowel movements. Anal fissures don't lead to more serious problems. Most anal fissures heal with home treatment after a few days or weeks. These are called short-term acute anal fissures. If you have an anal fissure that hasn't healed after 8 to 12 weeks, it is considered a long-term chronic fissure.
Factors that may increase your risk of developing an anal fissure include: Straining during bowel movements and passing hard stools increase the risk of tearing. Anal fissures are more common in women after they give birth. This inflammatory bowel disease causes chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract, which may make the lining of the anal canal more vulnerable to tearing.
An anal fissure is a tear or open sore ulcer that develops in the lining of the large intestine, near the anus. Don't let embarrassment stop you seeking help: Your GP can also tell you about self-help measures and treatments that can relieve your symptoms and reduce the risk of fissures recurring.
Listen to the Podcast: An Interview With Margaret Teu Close-up of a fissure skin tear at the anus in a 27 year old male patient. Don't forget to take the poll. The results will be published in the next month's issue.